Can Islam Produce Democracy?
Spengler argues that Islam is a species of paganism, and hence individuals are drowned within the collective. He says, as I have argued, that Islam is a political religion and produces statism because it cannot balance the tension between the one-and-many.
"Democracy in its modern form is the almost exclusive province of Christian (and in the single case of Israel, Jewish) countries….No concept of intermediate cause, or rational ordering of the universe, is to be found in mainstream Islam…The great 20th-century Jewish theologian considered Islam not a revealed religion, but a species of paganism. In pagan society, he argues, the individual is completely absorbed by the collective…The pagan state, Rosenzweig observes, considers the individual only as an extension of itself, not as the child of a higher power that stands above every state and culture. Pagan societies acknowledge no higher power than themselves. Their gods are an apotheosis of their own character…Not for nothing did the founders of the American republic insist that its functioning was unimaginable without the Christian religion. The purely negative aspects of the American constitution, namely the balance of powers that protects minority interests, means nothing without transcendent trust in something higher than the elements that constitute the body politic. In pagan society there is family, clan, and state; there is no intermediate function of representation, because there is no transcendent trust. Pagans can have (and frequently do have) plebiscites or presidential elections that in a sense are real elections, but they never have a functioning parliamentary system."